DECLARATION OF EDITORIAL ETHICS
Association of Paediatric Allergists and Immunologists of Russia (APAIR)
Document Purpose. The Declaration shall be used as a set of ethical principles governing the conduct of editorial boards, editors, reviewers, publishers and authors in the field of scientific publications. The text of the Declaration is intended to be used as a complete document, and each of its individual provisions shall be applied with consideration to all other applicable provisions. Individuals involved in the scientific and publication process shall strive to follow the principles of the Declaration, as well as recommendations of COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics) and other international associations of editors and publishers.
Basic Principles and Editorial policies
- Founder. The Allergology and Immunology in Paediatrics journal was established in accordance with the Charter of the Association of Paediatric Allergists and Immunologists of Russia (APAIR), All-Russian Public Organization. As part of its publishing and scientific information activities, APAIR is open for interaction and cooperation with any other scientific and professional associations to provide high-quality publications and representation of Russian science.
- Basic Ethical Principles. In its functions, the Editorial Board of the Journal shall be governed by the principles of scientific rigor, objectivity, professionalism, and impartiality. The Editorial Board reserves the right to ensure the most ethical and polite interaction between participants in the publishing process. The Editorial Board hereby declares the use of the editorial policy of Allergology and Immunology in Paediatrics, provided that this decision does not violate the Russian law.
- Interaction between publishing process participants. The interaction shall be entirely based on the principles of mutual politeness and respect. All publishing processes, both on the part of the Editorial Board and the authors, shall follow the principles of scientific ethics when distributing scientific information and results of their research in any form.
- Availability and accessibility of publications. The Editorial Board hereby declares the possibility of open and fair participation of all scientists in the process of publishing their manuscripts, regardless of personal, political or other views.
- Decision on a Publication. The Chief Editor shall personally make a decision on publication based on the significance of the information for the scientific community. In case of a dilemma, the Chief Editor may seek assistance from members of the Editorial Board. If the Chief Editor has a conflict of interest related to the manuscript, the decision to publish it shall be made by the Deputy Chief Editor or one of the members of the Editorial Board.
- Review. The Editorial Board hereby declares a mandatory review procedure for all received materials. The Journal review shall be carried out by leading field experts and, to avoid ethical conflicts, editors employ the double blind-review policy. Reviews shall be provided to authors on request. The average review period shall be 30 days. The reviewer undertakes to use the most ethical and scientific approach to reviewing manuscripts. Reviews shall be written using scientific and business vocabulary. The review shall be impersonalized and only the text of the manuscript shall be analysed. At the review stage, the information provided in the article shall be treated as confidential. All identified shortcomings shall be recorded and submitted to the editor. Articles with material shortcomings shall not be accepted for publication.
- Confidentiality. The Editorial Board assumes the responsibility to keep the information provided confidential. Open data or personal data provided for publication by the authors shall be accepted for publication.
- Research ethics policy the Ethical Principles for Medical Research. Authors shall strive to use the GCP (Good Clinical Practice) principles and the WMA (World Medical Association) Declaration of Helsinki in their research.
- Research papers that violate these principles may be rejected for ethical reasons. In the text of the paper, the authors, in turn, shall strive to indicate ethical principles.
- Ensuring the Ethics of Publications. The editors reserve the possibility of cooperating with local ethics committees to decide whether research findings may be published. The Editorial Board shares responsibility with the authors regarding the presentation of scientific information and the ethics of publications.
- Risks. The Editorial Board requires authors to fully disclose possible risks in their manuscripts when conducting research. It is advisable to indicate the approval of the local ethics committee before conducting research involving humans and animals.
- Poor-Quality or Ethically Compromised Publications. In case of actions violating the above principles, or in case of errors and poor-quality publications, the submitted paper may be withdrawn.
- Received Data Verifiability. To clarify the actual material, if technically possible, the Editorial Board may request the author to provide access to primary documentation and information on the study.
- Unpublished data shall not be used by the Editorial Board without the author’s permission.
- Right to an Alternative Opinion. The Editorial Board reserves the right to express an independent editorial opinion in the sections intended for this purpose. The Editorial Board’s opinion shall not be additionally reviewed.
- Access to Publications. The Journal aims to preserve scientific information and to ensure unhindered access to the publications. The materials of the Journal shall be distributed to repositories of core library systems, including the remotely accessible ones.
- Information Openness. The Editorial Board strives to ensure that all the information necessary for publication is available for free review and presented on the Journal’s website.
- Information about Paid Services. In open access on its website, the Editorial Board shall provide full information about possible paid services or absence thereof.
- Authorship Issues. The Editorial Board strives for a fair practice of scientific research and opposes unscrupulous methods of publication. We believe that the author is a person who has made a significant contribution to the work on the material. The share of authorship may vary significantly depending on the functions performed and the contribution of the author in writing the paper. Having no technical means to determine the degree of participation in the creation of intellectual material, the Editorial Board encourages authors to independently evaluate such contribution in good faith and refrain from including persons not directly related to the publication in the list of co-authors. Interaction with co-authors shall be the responsibility of the main author. Co-authors shall meet the requirements set for the author of a paper.
- Agreement between Co-Authors. The final version of the research paper must be approved with the author and consent of all authors (co-authors) must be obtained for publication and a declaration of absence of conflict of interest. The Editorial Board shall interact with the main author, who acts for the benefit and on behalf of all co-authors. All decisions of the main author shall be deemed agreed upon with the other co-authors. Publishing a text that has not been agreed upon with the author of the text, or changing the list of co-authors, constitutes a violation of publishing ethics.
- Copyright. The Editorial Board guarantees the occurrence of copyright upon publication of an article under the author’s name. Copyright information is available in the relevant section of the website.
- Sources of Funding for Articles. The commercial interests of authors shall be disclosed and published as an integral part of the paper. Editors strongly recommend specifying the sources of funding for publication by the authors of the article. Advertising materials shall be clearly marked in the Journal.
The Editorial Board of Allergology and Immunology in Paediatrics recognizes as unethical and does not allow the following types of actions in its work:
- Independent provision of reviews or open choice of the reviewer (pseudo-review practice).
- The use of paid services in order to ensure the publication of an article in violation of the review standards, procedure, rules, etc., discrediting the scientific text of information.
- Inclusion of persons who have not made sufficient intellectual contribution to the research in the list of authors.
- Publication of materials that do not meet the criteria of scientific rigor or are fictitious.
- Use and publication of falsified data, plagiarism of works. The Editorial Board reserves the right to check the texts for fraudulent derivations to the extent reasonably possible. Works containing plagiarism may not be accepted for publication or may be withdrawn from publication. The threshold values of the original test in a paper shall be at least 75%.
- Mutual transfer of scientific papers and publications to third parties, as well as unfair duplicate publications of articles in various journals.
- Authors shall refrain from unethical citation. Unfair citation techniques include deliberately increasing science citation indexes, excessive self-citation, friendly citation, etc.
The Board of Ethics
The Board of Ethics formed under the Association of Scientific Editors and Publishers shall be recognized as the coordinating and consulting body for the purpose of this Declaration.
The Declaration has been developed on the basis of the Declaration of the Association of Scientific Editors and Publishers and approved by the APAIR Editorial Board:
Compiled by: APAIR Secretary, Candidate of Medical Science S.S. Masalskiy
Chief Editor: APAIR Vice President, Doctor of Medical Science Yu.S. Smolkin
Deputy Chief Editor: Candidate of Medical Science N.A. Lyan