Frequency of inpatient care for children with asthma and atopic dermatitis in a large industrial city

O.E. Semernik, A.A. Lebedenko, A.A. Appoeva, D.Y. Kobtseva, V.R. Rudenko

Federal state budgetary educational institution of higher education “Rostov state medical University” of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Rostov-on-Don, Russia

ALLERGOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY IN PEDIATRICS, Volume 63 • Number 4 • December 2020, pp. 23-28
DOI: 10.24411/2500-1175-2020-00009

This paper presents an analysis of children suffering from bronchial asthma (BA) and atopic dermatitis (AD) of the frequency visits to the allergological hospital in Rostov-on-Don for 2017-2019.
Results. It was found that patients with BA (75.33%) required the most frequent hospital admissions compared to patients with AD (24.67%) (p = 0.02). In addition, children of primary school age (87.65%) and adolescents (91.47%) were statistically significantly more likely to suffer from BA, while infants (89.43%) were more likely to suffer from AD. Male patients predominate (60.51%). The maximum frequency of exacerbations of BA is observed from March to October and decreases in the winter months. At the same time, among children with AD, a significant increase in the frequency of requests for inpatient care was noted at the beginning of the year, followed by a decrease in the autumn-winter period.
Conclusion. Monitoring the frequency of visits to children with allergopathology allows us to identify not only the age and gender characteristics of patients, but also to predict the peaks of exacerbations of the disease in them.

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Semernik OE, Lebedenko AA, Appoeva AA, Kobtseva DY, Rudenko VR. Frequency of inpatient care for children with bronchial asthma and atopic dermatitis in a large industrial city. Allergology and immunology in Pediatrics. 2020;63 (4):23-28. https://doi.org/10.24411/2500-1175-2020-00009

For correspondense

Olga E. Semernik, associate Professor of the Department of children’s diseases № 2 of the Federal state budgetary educational institution of higher education “Rostov state medical University” of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
ORCID: 0000-0002-3769-8014
Address: 196 Gagarin street, Aksay, 346720, Russia
E-mail: semernick@mail.ru

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